Santa Clarita Valley History In Pictures
Anthropomorphic Rock Feature
Piute Butte | AVIM State Historic Park

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July 26, 2014 — Modified anthropomorphic rock feature (female anatomy) at Piute Butte. Observed during a special evening hike led by Peggy Ronning, curator of the Antelope Valley Indian Museum. Ronning explained that water is associated with female fertility; when it rains, the feature fills with water and it runs out. Photo by Linda Pippin.

"Piute Butte" is the modern name of a granite outcropping located on the grounds of the Antelope Valley Indian Museum State Historic Park in eastern Lancaster, north of Lake Los Angeles. In a larger context it sits at the southwestern edge of the Great Basin region, which covers 400,000 square miles from the Sierra Nevadas to the Rocky Mountains. It has seen many peoples live and pass through the region over the last 12,000 to 13,000 years including, in more recent times (the past 2,000 years or so), the Kawaiisu, Serrano, Kitanemuk and Tataviam.

Some of the inhabitants created pictographs, petroglyphs, rock shelters and a variety of flaked and groundstone "effigy-like" artifacts; and they modified or "enhanced" some of the butte's anthropomorphic features, most notably a formation resembling the female anatomy.

"By 2000," writes Edra Moore, the state park's first director, "the body of evidence that had been accumulating seemed to support the hypothesis that the upper rocky slopes and crest of the butte may have been reserved for ritual and ceremonial purposes during prehistoric times."

Current Native American residents "have long perceived the butte as having spiritual significance," she writes, and in 2003, Piute Butte was added to the California Native American Heritage Commission's Register of Sacred Sites.

Further study concluded that the "petroglyphs, pictographs, cupules, and rocks culturally enhanced to resemble symbols associated with fertility, in combination with natural outcrops, boulders and monoliths resembling human or animal shapes, represent ... a general religious pattern found throughout (pre-contact) southern California."

Similarities were found between the butte's features and other examples in Southern California and the Great Basin that are associated with cosmological concerns such as fertility, weather monitoring, seasonal renewal or other astronomical associations.

Radiocarbon dating on pigment samples yielded a calibrated calendar age range of between 150 B.C. and A.D. 400.

Piute Butte can be observed at a considerable distance from a park trail. The butte itself is off-limits to the public.

HB1401a: 19200 dpi jpeg from digital image by Linda Pippin.
State Historic Park

FAVIM Bulletins


Building x7


Piute Butte x2


Female Fertility Feature x4

Piute Butte: A Preservation Planning Study (Moore 2009)

Lovejoy Springs & Western Mojave Desert Prehistory

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